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was launched in 1971, it promised to be an alternative to commercial media that would “promote personal growth rather than corporate gain” and “speak with many voices, many dialects.” In 1993, when FAIR published a study of , which now reaches 22 million listeners weekly on 750 affiliated stations, does frequently provide more than the nine-second-soundbite culture of mainstream news broadcasts. And is ’s guestlist shows the radio service relies on the same elite and influential sources that dominate mainstream commercial news, and falls short of reflecting the diversity of the American public.
FAIR’s study recorded every on-air source quoted in June 2003 on four relies on most frequently, and at its list of regular commentators.
No nongovernmental source appeared more than three times.
With the exception of Secretary of State Powell, all of the top 10 most frequently appearing sources were white male government officials.
Current and former military sources (a subset of governmental sources) were 3 percent of total sources.
Professional experts—including those from academia, journalism, think tanks, legal, medical and other professions—were the second largest elite group, accounting for 26 percent of all sources.
Journalists by themselves accounted for 7 percent of all Though elite sources made up a majority of sources, the study actually found a substantial increase in the number of non-elite sources featured.in 1993 found 10 think tanks that were cited twice or more.In a new four-month study (5/03-8/03), the list of think tanks cited two or more times has grown to 17, accounting for 133 appearances.Thirty-three percent of female sources commenting in Iraq stories appeared as professionals or experts, while 66 percent of male Iraq sources appeared in such capacities.
Female sources lagged markedly behind men in most occupation categories.Women accounted for 17 percent of journalistic sources, 12 percent of corporate sources and 12 percent of government officials.